X-Rayted Files: Three or More Intriguing Thoughts on Reshoring

The ground beneath us is always shifting, and while the term “unprecedented” can be somewhat overused, it does seem to be a little tougher to keep our balance these days. For almost every economic disruption, there emerges some argument for how reshoring can mitigate it. This time around, though, there’s a bit of a tug-o-war between the disruptions that are shaping the manufacturing landscape and the broader economy. I’m no economist, but as a dyed in the wool entrepreneur I’d like to share three thoughts about the future of manufacturing with a focus on reshoring, the talent pool, and the joy of making things.

#1 Reshaping Our Supply Chains
Supply chain disruptions have caused pain across the economy and are among the drivers for renewed enthusiasm for reshoring. Reshaping our supply chains could make building things in America not only more practical, but potentially a real competitive advantage. While labor and other costs may be higher for domestic manufacturers, reducing friction for customers when it comes to things like delivery and service support can have a real impact on relationships and the sales they generate. By sourcing and manufacturing in America, we are certainly less susceptible to the constraints of international freight systems. If reshoring is really going to take hold this time around, we’ll need to address labor on a couple of fronts. Not only do we need to educate and train the manufacturing workforce of the future, but we need to attract them to the work.

#2 Closing the Skills Gap
If supply chain is causing a push toward reshoring, issues around labor have the potential to contribute to a pull. Between the “great resignation” and the “skills gap,” labor challenges may put the brakes on a return to domestic manufacturing. There are myriad reasons for talent bowing out of the workforce. For some of our most experienced workers, those nearing the ends of their careers, the strength of the stock market and swelling investment portfolios have resulted in many reaching their retirement savings goals years ahead of schedule. For others the pandemic-induced exodus from the office was a welcome change of pace, and a return to a pre-pandemic workplace and the commute that goes with it holds little appeal.

While the availability of talent presents one problem, the skills of the available talent can present another. Closing the skills gap has been a constant focus for American employers and is why so many of us eagerly support education and training initiatives specific to our industries. Increasing enthusiasm for STEM (or STEAM) education at all levels is having an impact, but I’d argue it still deserves far greater investment.

#3 Hype the Job Potential
As manufacturers, we have an added challenge. Having training opportunities available can only help close the skills gap if prospects are excited by the opportunities that such training creates. We need to actively overcome the reputation of manufacturing jobs as being dirty, dangerous, and monotonous. Advanced manufacturing and modern factories are exciting, and it is a message we need to share if we are going to attract talent. Those of us who have made careers of manufacturing know the pleasure we realize in making real, tangible, useful things. We need to promote that message more often and more broadly. In addition to supporting technical training through internships and endowments, we may need to think about attracting talent as a marketing and messaging challenge.

#4 Make Things Easier to Use
If I may (and since it’s my column, I’ll grant myself the latitude), I have a fourth thought in support of reshoring, overcoming the skills gap, and the future of advanced manufacturing. For those of us who make things used by others who make things, we need to make such things as easy to use as possible. The design of tools for advanced manufacturing should consider and be considerate of the experience of the end user. Incorporating and exploiting opportunities in automation can reduce risk and monotony in certain types of work, allowing talented employees to contribute in more meaningful and satisfying ways. Creating equipment that is genuinely user friendly creates space for technicians to fully utilize tools that otherwise might be too intimidating for workers to take full advantage of. I can’t tell you how many times we’ve won a new customer who already owned an advance inspection system that largely sat idle because it was just too complicated for most of their staff to use. Ease of use as a design feature ensures that the value of equipment will be maximized and can help close the skills gap by making tools more accessible.

I love making things, and I especially enjoy making them in America. I’m hopeful that the renewed interest in reshoring results in an actual resurgence in domestic manufacturing. Since hope is not a strategy, let’s do what we can together to seek out and support those who make things here, and support education and training for the talent that will sustain the future of domestic manufacturing. Let’s not forget to overtly celebrate the joy of manufacturing so that we can entice that young talent with the genuine satisfaction that comes from actually making something.

Dr. Bill Cardoso is CEO of Creative Electron.

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2021

X-Rayted Files: Three or More Intriguing Thoughts on Reshoring

11-24-2021

The ground beneath us is always shifting, and while the term “unprecedented” can be somewhat overused, it does seem to be a little tougher to keep our balance these days. For almost every economic disruption, there emerges some argument for how reshoring can mitigate it. This time around, though, there’s a bit of a tug-o-war between the disruptions that are shaping the manufacturing landscape and the broader economy. I’m no economist, but as a dyed in the wool entrepreneur I’d like to share three thoughts about the future of manufacturing with a focus on reshoring, the talent pool, and the joy of making things.

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The X-Rayted Files: Was CS Model 101 Built on Industry 4.0?

10-27-2021

While smart devices like sleep trackers that monitor the quality of our ZZs are exciting to some, for others it induces the fear of becoming subject to robot overlords. Regardless, the age of IoT is upon us, and as manufacturers, IoT is just one facet of the broader Industry 4.0.

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X-Rayted Files: Radiation’s Effects on Electronic Components

09-22-2021

Whether it’s from naturally occurring sources or induced by modern human ingenuity, electronic components, like everything else, are subject to regular exposure to radiation. It is vital to understand the various sources of radiation exposure as well as their likely effects on today’s microelectronics and the devices they make possible.

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X-Rayted Files: Semiconductor Shortage—Avoiding Counterfeit Components

08-11-2021

From bicycles to sundries, from consumer electronics to automobiles, shortages and supply chain issues have hampered an otherwise strong economic recovery much of the world emerge from the pandemic. Among these challenges, none has received more media attention than the semiconductor shortage.

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X-Rayted Files: Tales from the Files of Lithium-ion Batteries

06-23-2021

Lithium-ion batteries have, in part, enabled the continued miniaturization of the devices we love. They have also played an important role in making practical electric cars a reality. But like other approaches high density energy storage, they do present risks.

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X-Rayted Files: Genius, Evil, or Evil Genius?

05-20-2021

Apple dominates its market in many ways. Is this genius for the consumer, or does it effectively rule out any competition? Columnist Bill Cardoso debates its merits—and disadvantages for other players.

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X-Rayted Files: Crafting Our ‘Next Normal’

04-20-2021

As profound an experience as it has been to lead an enterprise through the pandemic, what’s to come may make every bit as much of an impression. So many things that we took for granted as practices and behaviors etched in stone, were interrupted, suspended, or eliminated entirely. As we exit the tunnel into the light of the post-pandemic, we will be challenged collectively in crafting the next normal.

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X-Rayted Files: The Bright Side of the Chip Shortage

03-17-2021

In his previous column, “The Dark Side of the Chip Shortage: Counterfeits,” Bill addressed one of unanticipated outcome of the crisis: the shortage of electronic components and predictable wave of counterfeit components likely to flood the market. Combating that tsunami of fakes may also accelerate the adoption of advanced techniques for detecting counterfeit components.

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X-Rayted Files: The Dark Side of the Chip Shortage—Counterfeits

02-17-2021

It’s February 2021, and as the world slowly recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic, another problem plagues the global economy: the electronic component shortage. What some economists have deemed to be a decade of immense prosperity and growth, the “roaring ‘20s” started with a hiccup.

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X-Rayted Files: The Year of 2020 Vision

01-20-2021

What else can we say about 2020 that hasn’t been said? We have so much to reflect on, both to mourn and to be thankful for. The global pandemic has made an indelible mark on us all, and we, like everyone else, are changed forever. With the year behind us, and light at the end of the tunnel, we take a moment to look back as well as look forward.

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2020

X-Rayted Files: Solving for the Limits of Human Visual Inspection

12-16-2020

Because a key element of quality control in manufacturing is still good old-fashioned visual inspection, it’s important to understand the ability of operators to sustain their focus and what we can do to support their success. And while the fallibility of human inspection presents challenges, Dr. Bill Cardoso details how there are many ways to address shortcomings.

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X-Rayted Files: iPhone Transparency—A Window Into SMT

11-17-2020

Though we don’t do them just for fun, teardowns are fun, but they have also taught us more than we could have imagined. Modern teardowns provide critical insights into the nature and construction of these devices. As an example, Dr. Bill Cardoso details the history of the iPhone as told through X-ray.

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X-Rayted Files: A Century of X-Rays in the Automotive Industry, Part 2

10-28-2020

As one of the main users of X-ray inspection, the automotive industry has been one of the main drivers for the development of higher power and higher resolution X-ray imaging systems. Dr. Bill Cardoso continues with Part 2 of this column series.

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X-Rayted Files: A Century of X-Rays in the Automotive Industry, Part 1

09-29-2020

If you have read any of Bill Cardoso's previous columns, you know that he is passionate about X-rays, cars, and electronics. In this column series, he talks about some of his idols, including Curie, Roentgen, Marconi, Galvin, and Ford.

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X-Rayted Files: Is Quality Really Priceless?

08-19-2020

In a day and age when we can learn virtually anything online, manufacturers still manage to be opaque about pricing, especially when it comes to specialty equipment. Some may say, “Quality is priceless,” but Bill Cardoso explains how it isn't.

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X-Rayted Files: Marching Toward 2021, 20 Miles at a Time

07-29-2020

We’re only at the halfway mark, and 2020 has been a real challenge. Our best-laid plans have been cast in doubt by the COVID-19 pandemic. During this transformational time, Dr. Bill Cardoso looks back a century for a bit of inspiration from Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.

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X-Rayted Files: E-Commerce Boom Fraught With Risk—X-Rays to the Rescue

06-17-2020

It’s not news that online sales are increasing dramatically during this global pandemic. However, with increased sales comes the increased risk of return fraud and abuse. Dr. Bill Cardoso explains how X-ray can help detect dummy and counterfeit merchandise.

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X-Rayted Files: Why Do We Break Stuff? Intelligence From Teardowns

05-20-2020

The impulse to break a new gadget to "see what's inside" and to “learn how it works” is often the first sign someone will become an engineer. We’ve learned a lot in over a decade of teardowns, which have helped us to understand how the SMT industry has changed over these years. Bill Cardoso investigates.

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X-Rayted Inspection: Manufacturing in the Eye of a Pandemic

04-08-2020

Dr. Bill Cardoso usually writes about X-ray inspection, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and how it all connects to Industry 4.0. This month, however, he shifts gears and shares some of the things Creative Electron has been doing during the COVID-19 outbreak.

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X-rayted Files: X-ray and AI—A Match Made In Heaven, Part 2

03-18-2020

In Part 1, Dr. Bill Cardoso covered the basics of the relationship between X-ray inspection and artificial intelligence (AI). In Part 2, Cardoso takes a step forward to cover some of the practical ways we use AI to improve the efficiency of our X-ray inspections.

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2019

X-Rayted Files: Will Radiation Damage My Electronic Component?

12-17-2019

Before I start talking about radiation damage on electronic components, let me warn you: if you are looking for a simple “yes” or “no” answer to the question, "Will radiation damage my electronic component?" stop reading now. Things will get complicated. You may feel like I did not answer the question at all, and you would be correct. There are whole conferences dedicated to this question (check IEEE’s Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects Conference), so the goal of this column is to give you some background to guide you to the right answer for your specific situation. Ultimately, the best way is to ask an expert.

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X-Rayted Files: The Currency of Technology

11-11-2019

In the ever-moving tide of technology, the need to innovate requires a constant shift in vision, and this need has never been more evident than in PCB manufacturing. In fact, innovation has become so valuable that PCBs are quickly becoming the currency of technology. Dr. Bill Cardoso explains.

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X-Rayted Files: The Risk of Installing Counterfeit Parts

10-02-2019

In high-tech manufacturing, the use of sub-standard components can be catastrophic. There is no greater need for quality control than in PCBs, as they are only as good as the components installed on them; therein lies the problem. Some components shipped to manufacturers are counterfeit!

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X-Rayted Files: Just Because You Can't See the Problem Doesn't Mean It's Not There!

08-20-2019

In this new column, Dr. Bill Cardoso will cover everything related to X-rays from cool historical facts to the latest in technological advancements, starting with the discovery of X-rays in 1895.

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