All About Flex: ITAR Registration

Vendors building product for the defense industry often stipulate a supplier needs to be ITAR registered. ITAR stands for International Traffic in Arms Regulations and is a program run by the U.S. government to control the export of defense-related technology to foreign countries. ITAR regulations require that information related to defense technology only be shared with U.S. citizens, although the State Department can issue special exemptions. Companies and individuals may incur significant fines if they violate this shared information restriction.

Companies selling products requiring an ITAR status need to register and renew their ITAR registration annually. This registration has an associated fee based on 1) the volume of export related to defense technology and 2) the number of years the company has been in the ITAR program.

ITAR registration requires compliance to a list of regulations involving export of applicable products. A company must keep detailed export records for at least five years to comply with the ITAR registration requirements.

Following are some common questions regarding ITAR.

Question: Does ITAR compliance have requirements relating to the company’s quality system? 
Answer: ITAR does not pertain to a company’s quality management; it is only applicable to the control of export and import of applicable products.

Question:  What specific products or services fall under the jurisdiction of ITAR?
Answer: In general, ITAR applies to the following:

  • Defense articles
  • Technical data
  • Defense services

Specifics are detailed in the U.S. munitions list[1].

Question:  Who must register?
Answer:  Any company that manufactures, exports, or brokers defense related products must register even if the company does not export physical products. Registration by itself does not allow a company to export ITAR related products or services, but it is a precondition for export approval.

Question:  What happens if a business is in violation of ITAR?
Answer:  Businesses that are found in violation to ITAR terms and conditions can be subject to significant fines and loss of ITAR registration.

Question:  Is it possible to be ITAR certified?
Answer:  The U.S. government does not provide or recognize ITAR certifications. There are defense contractors that require their vendors to be certified in ITAR. Certification is not provided by the U.S. government, but rather by a recognized certification agency.

Question: Does the U.S. government perform or require ITAR system audits?
Answer:  The U.S. government strongly urges companies to adopt an export compliance program with recommendations listed in this document. However, the U.S. government does not currently perform or require system audits for ITAR compliance.

References

  1. ITAR part 121, munitions list.
  2. Compliance Program Guidelines, Bureau of Political Military Affairs, Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance.

Dave Becker is vice president of sales and marketing at All Flex Flexible Circuits LLC.

Back

2017

All About Flex: ITAR Registration

08-15-2017

Vendors building product for the defense industry often stipulate a supplier needs to be ITAR registered. ITAR stands for International Traffic in Arms Regulations and is a program run by the U.S. government to control the export of defense-related technology to foreign countries.

View Story

Successful Flex Circuit Assembly

08-02-2017

Many contract manufacturers are reluctant to mix rigid and flexible circuits on the same assembly line as the handling and fixturing requirements can be quite different. Characteristics allowing a flexible circuit to be flexible can often present learning curve challenges when component or mechanical assembly is required. This article details some of the common issues experienced when assembling flexible circuits, and strategies to ensure reliable assembly.

View Story

All About Flex: Button Plating on a Flexible Circuit

07-20-2017

Button plating describes a fabrication process widely used in the flex circuit industry to selectively electroplate copper to the vias and onto the pads capturing the vias. The rest of the copper traces do not have plating. Another industry term used to describe this feature is pads only plating. Producing a circuit with this processing methodology requires two photolithography steps.

View Story

All About Flex: Trends in the Medical Electronics Industry

07-17-2017

The U.S. medical electronics industry has been one of the fastest growing industries over the past decade. Similarly, to the rest of the electronics world, growth has been accompanied by the adoption of significant new product technology and innovation.

View Story

All About Flex: CAD for Flexible Circuits

07-12-2017

CAD engineers take a CAD file that defines a single part and panelize the data by creating a nested pattern repeated across the panel. Reverse nesting and off-angle part placement may optimize material utilization, which is a constant cost concern. But this optimization needs to be balanced by ease of stiffener placement and component assembly.

View Story

All About Flex: Flexible Circuit Component Assembly…and a Math Lesson

07-06-2017

The market for rigid PCBs is estimated to be about 10X the market size for flexible printed circuits (FPCs). As a result, the equipment infrastructure is driven primarily by the needs of the rigid board market. This is true of both equipment used to fabricate the circuitry (image, etch, copper plate, AOI, etc.) and equipment used for component assembly (wave solder and SMT assembly).

View Story

All About Flex: Etchback on Type 3 and Type 4 Flexible Circuits

06-22-2017

Through-hole etchback is a requirement that is sometimes specified on medical, military and aerospace procurement documents for multilayer flexible circuits and combination multilayer flex/rigid board circuits. It specifically relates to the copper plated through-holes and the relative dimensions between the dielectric layers and copper layers.

View Story

All About Flex: Back-Bared Flexible Circuits

06-01-2017

Back-bared pad flexible circuits are a distinctive type of single-sided flexible circuit providing some advantages over more standard circuits. In the printed circuit industry, back-bared pad circuit designs are also referred to as dual-access or reversed bared.

View Story

All About Flex: Origami Interconnection

05-11-2017

Origami is the art of folding paper; it was believed to have originated in Japan, but historical evidence suggests it existed in several parts of the world during the same period. Origami artistry starts with a flat sheet of paper and by making a series of folds and creases, the result is a three-dimensional figure. Creating even just a simple figure takes imagination and a unique ability to visualize in three dimensions. Three-dimensional folding to fit into a multiplanar shape? Why does this sound familiar?

View Story

All About Flex: FAQs for Extended Length Flexible Circuits

04-27-2017

Extended length flexible circuits are larger than typically offered sizes in the interconnect industry. The length of these oversized circuits can be anywhere from two feet to 10 feet or longer. A long, continuous flexible circuit can offer design advantages over using normal sized circuits where multiple connections and connection assembly steps are required.

View Story
Back

2016

All About Flex: Customer Acquisition

12-22-2016

The “Customer Acquisition” process can be thought of as consisting of three major segments: collection, selection and execution. While these sub-divisions should be considered as intimately interrelated, examining them as separate disciplines can be enlightening.

View Story

All About Flex: Disruption in the Supply Chain

12-08-2016

Manufacturers need a highly dependable supply chain to successfully support their products. This is especially true of custom designed and built components, as many times, only one supplier is available for a component since tooling and development costs discourage dual sourcing.

View Story

All About Flex: Packaging Flexible Circuits and Assemblies

12-01-2016

Many facets are involved in delivering a flexible circuit. During the quote and design phase, requirements are reviewed. So assuming the relevant product documentation was gathered, the salesperson turned around the quote, and the customer placed an order and parts were built, it’s all over, right? Not quite. One critical aspect that does not get much discussion is packaging and shipping.

View Story

All About Flex: Non-Copper Flexible Circuit Applications

11-22-2016

While pure copper is the most common choice for flexible circuit fabrication, there are times a different metal is more suitable for an application. Copper is well known for its excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, but there are applications where the best thermal or electrical conductivity can be a disadvantage.

View Story

All About Flex: Flex Circuit Specifications for Commercial and Military Applications

10-27-2016

Applications across the various markets for printed circuit boards can have significantly different specifications and performance requirements. Circuits for toys and games logically have lower performance requirements than those used in medical devices. IPC-6013 is an industry-driven specification that defines the performance requirements and acceptance features for flexible printed circuit boards.

View Story

All About Flex: Five Characteristics of a Reliable Flexible Circuit Supplier

10-27-2016

Due diligence when selecting a source for a custom electronic product can be a critical sourcing procedure. Chains are only as good as the weakest link, and the electronic components assembled to create a marketable product need to combine into a robust solution.

View Story

All About Flex: Flexible Circuit Prototypes

10-13-2016

Most electronic projects begin with at least one build of prototype parts before moving into volume manufacturing. But the definition of a flex circuit prototype can vary considerably from one project to another. In many cases, a prototype build is only a few parts used to verify form, fit and function, with engineering trying to determine if something actually works.

View Story

Flex Circuit Specifications for Commercial and Military Applications

09-30-2016

Applications across the various markets for printed circuit boards can have significantly different specifications and performance requirements. Circuits for toys and games logically have lower performance requirements than those used in medical devices. IPC 6013 is an industry-driven specification that defines the performance requirements and acceptance features for flexible printed circuit boards.

View Story

All About Flex: Lead-Free Soldering Flexible Circuits

09-23-2016

Ever since the European community adopted the RoHS directive in 2006, the U.S. electronics industry has been steadily increasing its use of lead-free solder. Medical was the first U.S. industry to go totally lead-free. Today, a significant percentage of electronics soldering is done with lead-free solder.

View Story

All About Flex: FAQs on RoHS for Flex Circuits

09-02-2016

In 2003, the European Union (EU) adopted a standard called the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS), which restricts the use of certain materials in electronic products and electronic equipment. The intent is to reduce the environmental impact of known hazardous materials and has driven changes in manufacturing processes and materials used to manufacture a wide array of electronic products.

View Story
Back

2015

All About Flex: Embracing the Mess

12-03-2015

Marketing in the world of printed circuits is an important discipline, but I have learned it is better to be prepared with a nimble reaction than to expect the marketing department to consistently be successful in predicting the future. The path to the goal is often achieved much more quickly by making an early decision followed by a course correction rather than waiting for all the information.

View Story

All About Flex: Flexible PCB: What’s in a Name?

11-12-2015

Flexible PCB is a common term that is synonymous with flexible circuits. While the term “PCB” is generally used to describe rigid printed circuitry, “flexible PCB” is a little contradictory because “boards” aren’t really flexible. Some companies, like All Flex, design and manufactures flexible PCBs, but not rigid PCBs. There are many similarities between the two, but also significant differences.

View Story

Plated Through-holes in Flexible Circuits

10-29-2015

There is probably no more important feature than the plated through-hole (also called via or via hole) with regard to the reliability and integrity of a flexible circuit. The through-hole provides electrical connection between insulated layers and enables electrical functionality on double-sided and multilayer flexible circuits.

View Story

Testing Flexible Circuits, Part 3: The Completed Flex Circuit

10-15-2015

Most flex houses perform a variety of tests on completed flexible circuits. The type, frequency, and complexity of these tests vary with customer and application. Test requirements are generally defined by the customer, but input is often solicited from the supplier during the quote process.

View Story

Testing Flexible Circuits, Part I: Requirements and Procedures

09-17-2015

In this first of a three part series regarding tests for flexible circuits, I will examine overall requirements and procedures; the second installment will focus on raw materials, and the third and final part will focus on testing for bare flexible circuit and circuit assemblies.

View Story

Catching Up to Yesterday

09-02-2015

Recently, KPMG, an international consultancy that operates as a network of member firms offering audit, tax and advisory services, came out with their 6th annual survey of manufacturing executives focusing on global manufacturing trends.

View Story

The Butterfly Effect

08-20-2015

If a random initial disturbance from the wings of a butterfly can have a dramatic effect, just think what can be accomplished with intentional acts aimed at making sure our customers are receiving proactive attention.

View Story

Is Wearable Technology Just a Fad?

08-13-2015

Wearable technology is in its infancy. The industry needs to mature and go back to basic marketing—finding a need and filling it. Flexible circuits have been around since the mid-1960s and have been successfully filling needs. Flexible circuits are ideal for wearable technology because they are thin and lightweight. As the marketing matures, the applications will come and flexible circuits will be there to fill the technical needs.

View Story

Unique Single-Sided Flexible Circuits

08-06-2015

The number of iterations, sequences and combinations possible when manufacturing a flexible circuit can create unique product features to reduce hand assembly of wires, create switch contacts, or eliminate connectors. With minor alterations in basic processing steps, a flex circuit applications engineer can often imagine and configure a dramatically different flexible circuit.

View Story

Agricultural Drones and Flexible Circuits

07-28-2015

According to MIT Technology Review, one of theTop 10 breakthrough technologies last year was the agricultural drone. I focused on drones in one of my recent columns, Flexible Circuits and UAV Applications, which briefly mentioned agriculture as one of the uses for drones.

View Story
Copyright © 2017 I-Connect007. All rights reserved.